Social skills such as respect and cross-cultural understanding can be modeled, taught, prompted, and reinforced by the teacher. Differences in communication style across cultures are highlighted by Pitton et al. Teacher Behaviors Appreciate and accommodate the similarities and differences among the students' cultures. Being mindful of students’ backgrounds and cultural differences tells students that it’s okay for them to be who they are, while still having the support of their teachers and classmates. LEARNING STRATEGIES, SUPPORTS, AND INTERVENTIONS Addressing Student Diversity in Manitoba Schools Today’s classroom reflects the diversity of our communities and includes a mix of student interests, needs, learning styles, and cultural backgrounds. As a rehabilitation counselor with training in the teaching profession, I found these steps useful when delivering instruction to my students: Culture impacts us even within religious settings, Lori Truzy/Bluemango Images-used with permission. Using both team learning and individual learning strategies will encourage your students to adjust to different situations. Strategies for Teaching Culturally Diverse Students. When teaching students from different cultural backgrounds, especially English language learners, it’s important to be aware of cultural differences in student behavior. While some students adjust their behavior automatically, others must be taught and provided ample opportunities to practice. With the student population projected to be mostly of nonwhite children by the year 2020 in America, Culture has crucial ramifications for educators and the field of teaching. "A variety of strategies schools use to accommodate cultural differences and provide educational opportunities for all students" is best described as: multicultural education The major difference between mainstreaming and inclusion is that: Build relationships with students. Some of the cultures we interact with on a daily basis include: neighborhoods, businesses, and religious groups. After every victory of the football team, the principal gives a speech in the auditorium where everybody gathers. Regardless of cultural differences, people want to feel like they are a part of a community. Research has shown teachers who view intelligence as fixed treated students unequally and engaged in bias. This is a positive way to honor their need for preparation, rituals, or customs. One style of instruction may fail to reach one student while helping another. multicultural education. Here are some methods I used in my classroom to approach culture in a thoughtful way: There are cultural factors which impact how we view intelligence. Culturally responsive teaching is especially pertinent today because the traditional education path from school to college to a career and life in the suburbs isn’t a reality—or desire—for everyone, Childers-McKee says. Chartock, R. (2010). Recognize that an inclusive classroom assists with correcting the biases and prejudices in your nation. Once students' orientations are known, the teacher can structure tasks to take them into account. I shared stories relevant to the topic and engage in discussions with my students to help them learn the facts needed. Respect their names. Many of these behaviors and strategies exemplify standard practices of good teaching, and others are specific to working with students from diverse cultures. Social skills such as respect and cross-cultural understanding can be modeled, taught, prompted, and reinforced by the teacher. Yet, culture influences how lessons are presented and how instruction proceeds. Thus, they must start work closing the achievement gap in later years. Involving families and the community can help students learn to adjust their behavior in each of the settings in which they interact. For example, a film talking about women participation in World War II could have a positive impact on how your students interact with each other and you. Instructional Strategies. For example, students who believe intelligence represents a "fixed quality,” meaning intelligence cannot be changed because of various factors, prefer to do activities in which they are successful. Culturally and Linguistically Responsive Teaching and Learning responsive teaching and learning; classroom practices for student success. In conclusion, to engage in best practices, teachers should encourage administrators to make cultural responsive training a part of ongoing professional growth and be willing to implement techniques which are evidence-based in the classroom. How they interact with each other and the students can be vastly different from school to school. Strategies and lessons for culturally responsive teaching: A primer for k-12 teachers. Effective teachers of culturally diverse students acknowledge both individual and cultural differences enthusiastically and identify these differences in a positive manner. It can be challenging to determine what needs to get done the first week of school. Cultural Differences in the Workplace Most Australian workplaces today employ people from diverse cultural backgrounds. Boston: Pearson. We all behave differently in different settings. For example, before some students can begin a task, they need time to prepare or attend to details. Hodgkinson advocates educational programs that, like Head Start, take into account not only academic needs but conceive of children as whole persons with social, emotional, and physical needs and strengths, in a family context (2003).However, many schools do not have the opportunity to work with children at such a young age. Invite speakers from different cultures – This allows students to hear about other cultures and see individuals who represent their particular culture. Based on the idea that students who are raised in different cultural settings may approach education and learn in different ways, the cultural difference theory stresses that it is important for teachers to be aware of the difference between the school … Pitton et al. Work Experien… 1) List 2 strategies you could use to accommodate cultural differences and ensure effective relationships with children, families and educators. Cultural differences and classroom management go hand-in-hand in awareness. Exploring specific academic terms like “algorithm” starts a sequence of lessons on larger math concepts and builds the student’s background knowledge. Cultural difference theory. Offering variety provides the students with opportunities to learn in ways that are responsive to their own communication styles, cognitive styles, and aptitudes. With the help of certified and current classroom teachers, TeacherVision creates and vets classroom resources that are accurate, timely, and reflect what teachers need to best support their students. Expose your students to a wide variety of cultures throughout the term. Should topics be discussed openly in class or simply read about in the books?) We cross cultures frequently without being aware of doing so. By allowing for various styles of learning, teachers can accommodate a wide range of students, whatever their cultural backgrounds, and whatever cultural background the … Such beliefs can have important ramifications for different student populations, particularly minorities and females. Ask the student to envision a scene in which the material to be learned is being used or acted out somehow. An often overlooked aspect of culture is how intelligence is perceived by students and teachers. https://quizlet.com/154783223/introduction-to-education-chapter-3-flash-cards These strategies can be used to modify instruction in most subject areas to improve students' comprehension of tasks and the quality of their work. Teacher Behaviors. Teaching students the differences between their home, school, and community settings can help them switch to appropriate behavior for each context. Our relationship with culture is mind-boggling and undeniable. Once students' orientations are known, the teacher can structure tasks to take them into account. Teach students to match their behaviors to the setting. Effective Instruction for English Language Learners with Mild Disabilities This digest describes the Optimal Learning Environment... Empowering Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students with Learning Problems ERIC EC Digest #E500, Author: Jim Cummins, 1991 ... What kind of teacher are you? suggest that some cultures emphasize the emotional quality of a conversation more than the words or context of the message, whereas other cult… Schools that acknowledge the diversity of their student population understand the importance of promoting cultural awareness. Before lunch, all of the students must line up single file to enter the cafeteria. Understand that culture can make a difference and pay attention to it. For this reason, teachers must scrutinize their values about intelligence. Tim Truzy is a rehabilitation counselor, educator, and former dispatcher from North Carolina. (We discussed what is cultural diversity in this blog.) The principal expects all report cards to be returned to the teacher within a week with signatures from the parents. Helping Children Succeed in School . Below are some tips on how to manage cultural differences in the workplace. How to Handle Cultural Differences in the Workplace ... Perhaps you took Spanish for a few years in high school, then college. Culturally responsive teaching: Theory, research, and practice. Invite speakers from different cultures – This allows students to hear about other cultures and see individuals who represent their particular culture. Effective teachers of culturally diverse students acknowledge both individual and cultural differences enthusiastically and identify these differences in a positive manner. Use textured paper and experiment with different sizes of pens, pencils, and crayons to write down information; Use role play or dramatize concepts. Search our growing library of professionally created teacher resources. cultural inversion. However, teachers who viewed intelligence as malleable demonstrated less bias and treated students more equally. By contrast, students who perceive intelligence as a quality which can expand tend to be more receptive of new ideas. Thus, school-based nutrition education has long been thought of as a cornerstone for health world-wide (UNESCO, 1989), and school children are considered a primary target audience for nutrition education and communication. For example, before some students can begin a task, they need time to prepare or attend to details. Developing an understanding of students' lives also enables the teacher to increase the relevance of lessons and make examples more meaningful. Some workers may have specific cultural needs or requirements which should be taken into account. Should students be given rewards for performing well on tests or quizzes? Use “geometry” to help you – I use the word geometry to describe setting up the classroom so that you maintain your students attention. Use a variety of instructional strategies and learning activities. Cultural differences can be shown in form of communication to teamwork, perception of time, formality or different cultural calendars. Cultural differences can encompass everything from religious observances to personal habits to clothing. Students can move objects around to dramatize a concept or act out the concept themselves. Read about other cultures. This positive identification creates a basis for the development of effective communication and instructional strategies. Give your students time to work on projects as teams – This allows the more reserved students to interact more with their friends. We often take for granted the way we communicate with one another. Furthermore, schools have groups which represent narrow subcultures of the general culture of the educational environment. For a high school on South Dakota's Rosebud Reservation, culturally responsive curriculum is proving a hefty antidote to the violence, poverty and growing cultural disconnect hindering student success. (I liked to use a circle with me at the middle. This is a positive way to honor their need for preparation, rituals, or customs. 1. We seldom think of classrooms as having culture, Lori Truzy/Bluemango Images-used by permission. Schools provide the logical place to intervene with children in order to improve their health and nutritional status. Most instruction at home or in school can be adapted to accommodate the needs of students with learning disabilities such as dyslexia or other learning problems. One size behavioral interventions may not meet the needs of students operating within the constructive framework of an IEP (Individualized Education Plan). 1. If you've ever studied a foreign language, you know how easy it can be to learn basic words and sentences, but what a challenge it is to become fluent. Step out of your comfort zone and talk to colleagues or visit settings where your students come from. Focus on the ways students learn and observe students to identify their task orientations. Supporting future‑oriented learning & teaching—a New Zealand perspective (Bolstad et al., 2012) explores the ideas of diversity, equity, and inclusion in schools. Essentially, every student is not the same. "A variety of strategies schools use to accommodate cultural differences and provide educational opportunities for all students" is best described as: cultural accommodation. What we're really looking for is creating awareness and support by discussing these cultural behaviour differences. This will help you understand your students better. Know the power of the oral tradition - Children and adults love to hear stories – It’s what we do as humans. (1993) in a synthesis of culturally specific nonverbal behaviors. Understand who you are as a person. Walk around and make suggestions as needed. (Should students raise their hands to ask questions? TeacherVision is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. Effective teachers of culturally diverse students acknowledge both individual and cultural differences enthusiastically and identify these differences in a positive manner. This was particularly useful when my students gave book reports. First Day Activities For High School Students, Communicating with Culturally Diverse Parents of Exceptional Children, Reducing Overrepresentation of Diverse Students in Special Education, Effective Instruction for English Language Learners with Mild Disabilities, Empowering Diverse Students with Learning Problems. When introducing new vocabulary or academic vocabulary, it’s essential to do so with visual aids to help ESL students understand what the new words mean. Appreciate and accommodate the similarities and differences among the students' cultures. Reflect On: How do the teachers at Todd County High School use culturally relevant teaching methods to connect with their Lakota students? For example, we behave more formally at official ceremonies. Interviews with African-American high school students who presented behavior challenges for staff revealed that they wanted their teachers to discover what their lives were like outside of school and that they wanted an opportunity to partake in the school's reward systems. Culture is a part of who we are and everything we do. Think about these groups: teams, the cafeteria staff, and the administration. For example, a teacher may talk about the differences between conversations with friends in the community and conversations with adults at school and discuss how each behavior is valued and useful in that setting. While many of the differences between us are overblown, our varying life experiences and stages in life can strongly influence how we act and think when it comes to working. Be courteous to your students – Remember: Your students are young human beings. Remember: We all come from different backgrounds which can influence how we carry out instruction. Give your students time to explore individually – This is important for students who come from societies where individuality is paramount. In this case, the teacher can allow time for students to prepare, provide them with advance organizers, and announce how much time will be given for preparation and when the task will begin. A number of these behaviors and strategies are listed below. Give them time to speak without interruption. Learning Strategies, Supports, and Interventions 4. This is common in many cultures.) Developing an understanding of students' lives also enables the teacher to increase the relevance of lessons and make examples more meaningful. Understand students learn in different ways. This positive identification creates a basis for the development of effective communication and instructional strategies. Behavior Problems in Elementary School . In this case, the teacher can allow time for students to prepare, provide them with advance organizers, and announce how much time will be given for preparation and when the task will begin. Hollie, S., & Allen, B. Perhaps one of the biggest cultures we are aware of is the school environment. It impacts how students learn. I could use accommodate cultural differences and ensure effective relationships with children, families and educators by: Having regular functions for all educators, children, families and the entire community to meet each other. What’s fascinating is that classic examples of cultural differences are often misinterpreted as mere personality traits. Sometimes cultural barriers are easy to predict, but often they don’t become apparent until you’re actively working together. Cultural differences are the various beliefs, behaviors, languages, practices and expressions considered unique to members of a specific ethnicity, race or national origin. Cultural differences are to be celebrated and not used as an excuse for lowered expectations. Interviews with African-American high school students who presented behavior challenges for staff revealed that they wanted their teachers to discover what their lives were like outside of school and that they wanted an opportunity to partake in the school's reward systems. For example, we behave more formally at official ceremonies. cultural assimilation. Teachers introduce new concepts by discussing vocabulary words key to that concept. Here are 5 ways to overcome cultural barriers and embrace cultural difference: Ensur e clear and polite communication Clear and polite communication reduces the chances of surprises, crises, and confrontation. Certain behaviors and instructional strategies enable teachers to build a stronger teaching/learning relationship with their culturally diverse students. It is vital to understand, communicate and interact with people across different cultures. A number of these behaviors and strategies are listed below. Build relationships with students. Teachers must comprehend students’ perceptions of intelligence as well as their own outlook on this trait in order to provide appropriate instruction for every child in the classroom. Manitoba Teaching students the differences between their home, school, and community settings can help them switch to appropriate behavior for each context. To build the vocabulary of your student… As companies diversify and the workplace expands to include people from various backgrounds, cultural differences among employees will become more prevalent. Focus on the ways students learn and observe students to identify their task orientations. 10. The numerous cultures we belong to are extensive. These differences may be due to ethnic and racial background, age, geography, religion, and even the kind of school people attended. FEN Learning is part of Sandbox Networks, a digital learning company that operates education services and products for the 21st century. "Because I am... Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month, Culturally Diverse Students with Learning Problems, Social-Emotional Learning Resources & Worksheets, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day Resources & Printables. Classroom management strategies for special education students are imperative in constructing a classroom learning environment for all learners. (2018). Certain cultural behaviors can be easily misunderstood by new teachers - different cultures have different nonverbal messages when it comes to eye contact, body language, unspoken seniority, etc. For example the culture of one school may be like this: Although educating students is the main goal of the school, teachers may have different variations on how to accomplish that goal. In addition, the variety helps them develop and strengthen other approaches to learning. New York, NY: Teachers College Press. Burris and Welner (2005) documented … Incorporate different perspectives into lessons – It doesn’t take much time to mention facts that would interest all of your students. A teacher must be flexible and use his/her skills to educate all of the students in the classroom. For example, a teacher may talk about the differences between conversations with friends in the community and conversations with adults at school and discuss how each behavior is valued and useful in that setting. 2 points QUESTION 28 1. Strategies for Effective Cross-Cultural Communication within the Workplace. While some students adjust their behavior automatically, others must be taught and provided ample opportunities to practice. Educators’ approaches to teaching need to reflect these differences. Of all of these strategies, the most important is the third: being flexible about the choice of teaching strategies. October 6, 2015 Shina Neo 2 min read. We all behave differently in different settings. Dress - Some cultures have specific clothing such as headscarves or turbans that are worn at all times. It is essential for teachers and schools to create positive learning environments and instructional strategies that support learning outcomes which are aligned to standards and core curriculum. Gay, G. (2018). Factors that could affect cultural views in the workplace include: Generation – The internet is packed with articles deconstructing the cultural differences between Millenials, Generation X, and Baby Boomers. Teach students to match their behaviors to the setting. Appreciate and accommodate the similarities and differences among the students' cultures. Quite simply: culture can be defined as the way things are done around this place, and schools have their own traditions, values, and expectations, just like anyplace else where humans gather. For this reason, another subculture in the school is the classroom where one teacher’s preferences may not be shared by his/her colleagues. Using both team learning and individual learning strategies will encourage your students to adjust to different situations. For example, mentioning that there were black soldiers in the American Revolution as well as other conflicts can only enhance respect students build for each other and you. It is only respectful to have high expectations for every student. Always keep the focus on constructive dialogue and steer clear of detrimental debates. In their report, the authors make generalizations about certain cultures--that some groups find direct eye contact preferable or acceptable, whereas others consider it intrusive, inappropriate, and even shameful. Teachers who are interested in fostering a cultural awareness in their classroom should actively demonstrate to their students that they genuinely care about their cultural, emotional, and intellectual needs. This exposure will enable them to be more tolerant of each other’s differences. The next section will be divided into what can be done to prepare before negotiations begin, and strategies that can be used during actual problem-solving activities to accommodate different cultural patterns. Launched in 2001, Mix It Up recognizes that some of the deepest social divisions in schools are found in the cafeteria. Each fall, Teaching Tolerance sponsors a national Mix It Up at Lunch Day when schools around the country encourage students to move out of their comfort zones and share a meal with peers who are different from them. Involving families and the community can help students learn to adjust their behavior in each of the settings in which they interact. Ironically, culturally responsive teaching as a norm must be integrated into the culture of the school. We bring these expectations into the classroom. Huntington Beach: Shell Education. Some cultures encourage group learning. Use technology – When appropriate, show films which include various types of cultures and people working together. ... they are better able to use culturally responsive classroom management strategies. Have a few key examples tied to accomplishments that show your teaching capabilities. Teachers introduce new concepts by discussing vocabulary words key to that concept a basis the. Examples more meaningful of new ideas Up recognizes that some of the biggest cultures we interact on... Are known, the cafeteria having culture, Lori Truzy/Bluemango Images-used by permission reach one student helping. We interact with a variety of strategies schools use to accommodate cultural differences a daily basis include: neighborhoods, businesses, and interventions 4 are. 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Or customs dramatize a concept or act out the concept themselves can make a and. Reserved students to identify their task orientations s fascinating is that classic examples of cultural differences in classroom.