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Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated. Yearly Change: For 2019: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). The population of the districts and local-level governments (LLGs) of Papua New Guinea. New Guinea contains many of the world's ecosystem types: glacial, alpine tundra, savanna, montane and lowland rainforest, mangroves, wetlands, lake and river ecosystems, seagrasses, and some of the richest coral reefs on the planet. The first inhabitants, from whom the Papuan people are probably descended, adapted to the range of ecologies and, in time, developed one of the earliest known agricultures. He commanded loyalty from both Moluccan and Papuan chiefs, especially those of Raja Ampat Islands. mi.) Ch. Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Biogeographically, New Guinea is part of Australasia rather than the Indomalayan realm, although New Guinea's flora has many more affinities with Asia than its fauna, which is overwhelmingly Australian. and G.S. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. In 1526–27, Portuguese explorer Jorge de Meneses saw the western tip of New Guinea and named it ilhas dos Papuas. Population. These were the Austronesian people, who had spread down from Taiwan, through the South-east Asian archipelago, colonising many of the islands on the way. The people, known as the Dani, were the last society of its size to make first contact with the rest of the world. Prentice, M.L. Pollen studies show that it was adopted during an ancient period of extreme deforestation. It has increased by 40% and at average annual growth rate 3.1% since the last census in 2000. In 1528, the Spanish navigator Álvaro de Saavedra also recorded its sighting when trying to return from Tidore to New Spain. Stretching for hundreds of kilometres, these include lowland rainforests, extensive wetlands, savanna grasslands, and some of the largest expanses of mangrove forest in the world. The bulk of New Guinea’s population are subsistence farmers. These Austronesian migrants are considered the ancestors of most people in insular Southeast Asia, from Sumatra and Java to Borneo and Sulawesi, as well as coastal new Guinea. historical and predicted populations (both sexes) for the period 1950-2100 (millions) De facto population in Papua New Guinea as of 1 July of the year indicated. 1980, 1990, 2000, 2011 census. In 1545, Spaniard Íñigo Ortíz de Retes sailed along the north coast of New Guinea as far as the Mamberamo River, near which he landed on 20 June, naming the island 'Nueva Guinea'. Graph; Table Summary Figures. Papua New Guinea stretches from just south of the Equator to the Torres Strait, which separates New Guinea from Cape York Peninsula to the south, the northernmost extension of Australia. [24] Between 2011 and 2017, researchers described 465 previously undocumented plant species in New Guinea. The current population of Papua New Guinea in 2021 is 9,119,010, a 1.92% increase from 2020.; The population of Papua New Guinea in 2020 was 8,947,024, a 1.95% increase from 2019.; The population of Papua New Guinea in 2019 was 8,776,109, a 1.97% increase … There are hundreds of ethnic groups indigenous to Papua New Guinea, the majority being from the group known as Papuans, whose ancestors arrived in the New Guinea region tens of thousands of years ago. Papua New Guinea has a young population. [3] Trotz der vorhandenen Bodenschätze lebt der Großteil der Bürger in Armut, diese wurde durch die Diktatur Ahmed Sékou Tourés n… In the period from 1998 to 2008, conservationists identified 1,060 new species in New Guinea, including 218 plants, 43 reptiles, 12 mammals, 580 invertebrates, 134 amphibians, 2 birds and 71 fish. The shape of New Guinea is often compared to that of a bird-of-paradise (indigenous to the island), and this results in the usual names for the two extremes of the island: the Bird's Head Peninsula in the northwest (Vogelkop in Dutch, Kepala Burung in Indonesian; also known as the Doberai Peninsula), and the Bird's Tail Peninsula in the southeast (also known as the Papuan Peninsula). Before about 1930, European maps showed the highlands as uninhabited forests. Yet the two land masses share a similar animal fauna, with marsupials, including wallabies and possums, and the egg-laying monotreme, the echidna. World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. The island of New Guinea is divided politically into roughly equal halves across a north-south line: The current population of the island of New Guinea is about eleven million. The term Papuan languages refers to an areal grouping, rather than a linguistic one, since so-called Papuan languages comprise hundreds of different languages, most of which are not related.[21]. World Population Prospects: 2019 Revision. This area is approximately 115% of the area of California. The Law established a Papuan People's Assembly (MRP) with representatives of the different indigenous cultures of Papua. The highlands have 40% of the population. In 2020, an international study conducted by a team of 99 experts cataloged 13,634 species representing 1,742 genera and 264 families of vascular plants for New Guinea and its associated islands (Aru Is., Bismarck Arch., D'Entrecasteaux Is., Louisiade Arch. 1906 - Control of British New Guinea transferred to the newly independent Commonwealth of Australia and renamed Territory of Papua. The largest island offshore, Dolak, lies near the Digul estuary, separated by a strait so narrow it has been named a "creek". 1961 - First elections involving indigenous population. The lowest point of Papua New Guinea is the Pacific Ocean (0m). When the Dutch colonized this island as part of the Dutch East Indies, they called it Nieuw Guinea. Papua New Guinea is one of the most heterogeneous nations in the world. Population Pyramids: Papua New Guinea - 2021. The Dutch, who arrived later under Jacob Le Maire and Willem Schouten, called it Schouten island. [7][8][9] Various other smaller mountain ranges occur both north and west of the central ranges. Papua New Guinea, in the southwestern Pacific, encompasses the eastern half of New Guinea and its offshore islands. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. "Melanesia, the ethnogeographic region that includes New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and New Caledonia, contains some of the most remote and inaccessible populations on earth." [3] However, Westerners, beginning with Spanish explorer Yñigo Ortiz de Retez in 1545, used the name New Guinea, referring to the similarities of the features of the indigenous peoples to those of native Africans of the Guinea region of the continent. Key Statistics. The island is so large that it is considered 'nearly a continent' in terms of its biological distinctiveness. Port Moresby is a city located in Papua New Guinea. [49], "Irian" redirects here. The land has a total area of 462,840 km² and a total coastline of 5,152 km. source: World Bank. Papua New Guinea (PNG) occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and is the largest country of the Pacific region (461,690 km²). Global Rank: Position held by Papua New Guinea in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated. Highly divergent molecular variants of human T-lymphotropic virus type I from isolated populations in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, A Gessian, R Yanagihara, G Franchini, R M Garruto, C L Jenkins, A B Ajdukiewicz, R C Gallo, and D C Gajdusek, PNAS September 1, 1991 vol. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality. This is an animated population pyramid comparison of these two countries' total population by five year age bands from 1950 to 2100. 2000, 2011 census mi.). 2020. The population density of Papua New Guinea has changed from 7.3 in 1980 to 19.0 in 2019. Other than bats and some two dozen indigenous rodent genera,[19] there are no pre-human indigenous placental mammals. During the 1950s, the Dutch government began to prepare Netherlands New Guinea for full independence and allowed elections in 1959; the elected New Guinea Council took office on 5 April 1961. Sugarcanewas cultivated for th… PNG’s population is estimated at 7.5 million and is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse countries, with over 850 indigenous languages. Following the return to civil administration after World War II, the Australian section was known as the Territory of Papua-New Guinea from 1945 to 1949 and then as Territory of Papua and New Guinea. Following Tidore's defeat, much of the territory it claimed in western part of New Guinea came under Dutch rule as part of Dutch East Indies.[39]. New Guinea, the second largest island in the world, is home to one of the last great expanses of tropical rainforest as well as some of the world's most traditional forest dwellers, some of whom have had little or no contact with the outside world (as of 2010, 44 groups in Indonesian Papua are estimated remain uncontacted). [35], The western part of the island was in contact with kingdoms in other parts of modern-day Indonesia. Papua New Guinea population density. [citation needed], There has been resistance to Indonesian integration and occupation,[22] both through civil disobedience (such as Morning Star flag raising ceremonies) and via the formation of the Organisasi Papua Merdeka (OPM, or Free Papua Movement) in 1965. The Australian territories were put under military administration and were known simply as New Guinea. The eastern half of the island is the major land mass of the independent state of Papua New Guinea. [38] Sultan Nuku, one of the most famous Tidore sultans who rebelled against Dutch colonization, called himself "Sultan of Tidore and Papua",[39] during his revolt in 1780s. A high percentage of New Guinea's species are endemic, and thousands are still unknown to science: probably well over 200,000 species of insect, between 11,000 and 20,000 plant species, and over 650 resident bird species. [3], The name Irian was used in the Indonesian language to refer to the island and Indonesian province, as Irian Barat (West Irian) Province and later Irian Jaya Province. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used. Highest City Populations in Guinea. [34] A unique feature of New Guinea permaculture is the silviculture of Casuarina oligodon, a tall, sturdy native ironwood tree, suited to use for timber and fuel, with root nodules that fix nitrogen. Austronesian-speaking peoples colonized many of the offshore islands to the north and east of New Guinea, such as New Ireland and New Britain, with settlements also on the coastal fringes of the main island in places. The Papua New Guinea Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Papua New Guinea delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division. Papua New Guinea population density is 19.6 people per square kilometer (50.6/mi 2) as of January 2021. Current projections believe that the annual population rate will hit a temporary peak in 2020 at 2.03% before declining nearly a full percentage point over the next 30 years. In absolute numbers a total of 2,084,538 persons were added to the population during the last 11 years. Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²). Chart and table of Papua New Guinea population from 1950 to 2021. The Population of Papua New Guinea (1950 - 2019) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2019. About half of the 2.4 million inhabitants of Indonesian Papua are Javanese migrants. The Austronesian people had technology and skills extremely well adapted to ocean voyaging and Austronesian language speaking people are present along much of the coastal areas and islands of New Guinea. Except in high elevations, most areas possess a warm humid climate throughout the year, with some seasonal variation associated with the northeast monsoon season. Guinea [giˈneːa] (französisch La Guinée [giˈne]) ist ein Staat in Westafrika, der (von Nordwesten aus im Uhrzeigersinn) an Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, die Elfenbeinküste, Liberia, Sierra Leone und den Atlantik grenzt. In 2000, Irian Jaya was formally renamed "The Province of Papua" and a Law on Special Autonomy was passed in 2001. Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country. Papua New Guinea Urban Population Currently, 13.0 % of the population of Papua New Guinea is urban (1,137,684 people in 2019) Population Density. [5] Another possibility, put forward by Sollewijn Gelpke in 1993, is that it comes from the Biak phrase sup i papwa, which means 'the land below [the sunset]', and refers to the islands west of the Bird's Head, as far as Halmahera. © Copyright Worldometers.info - All rights reserved -, countries (and dependencies) by population, World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Papua New Guinea, The population density in Papua New Guinea is 20 per Km. The New Guinea Highlands - a chain of mountains and river valleys, runs the length of the New Guinea island. On 16 September 1975, Australia granted full independence to Papua New Guinea. Population growth +2.15%. Papua New Guinea's Western Province averages one person per square kilometer (3 per sq. The Negarakertagama mentioned the region of Wanin in eastern Nusantara as part of Majapahit's tributary. When world sea levels were low, the two shared shorelines (which now lie 100 to 140 metres below sea level),[11] and combined with lands now inundated into the tectonic continent of Sahul,[12][13] also known as Greater Australia. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Papua New Guinea had a population of 2.3 million people. Papua New Guinea is with the bulk of the country part of a larger island. The territories under Australian administration became collectively known as The Territories of Papua and New Guinea (until February 1942). As of 2020, the Western portion of New Guinea, Papua and West Papua, accounts for 54% of the island's primary forest and about 51% of the island's total tree cover, according to satellite data. Population. Complex mulches, crop rotations and tillages are used in rotation on terraces with complex irrigation systems. ), making it the world's most floristically diverse island, surpassing Madagascar (11,488), Borneo (11,165), Java (4,598), and the Philippines (9,432).[26]. [45], From 1971, the name Papua New Guinea was used for the Australian territory. Show. The western half, known as Western New Guinea or West Papua,[1] forms a part of Indonesia and is organized as the provinces of Papua and West Papua. It is isolated by the Arafura Sea to the west, and the Torres Strait and Coral Sea to the east. 2011 Census Summary Figures; Population Figures 1980-2011 - - - - Related Documents. Administrative Division. The ancestral Austronesian peoples are believed to have arrived considerably later, approximately 3,500 years ago, as part of a gradual seafaring migration from Southeast Asia, possibly originating in Taiwan. The Simbu Province in the New Guinea highlands averages 20 persons per square kilometer (60 per sq. [43], Netherlands New Guinea and the Australian territories were invaded in 1942 by the Japanese. [40] The first map showing the whole island (as an island) was published in 1600 and shows it as 'Nova Guinea'. The other indigenous peoples are Austronesians, their ancestors having arrived in the region less than four thousand years ago. The first Dutch government posts were established in 1898 and in 1902: Manokwari on the north coast, Fak-Fak in the west and Merauke in the south at the border with British New Guinea. When the Portuguese and Spanish explorers arrived in the island via the Spice Islands, they also referred to the island as Papua. [6] The name Papua came to be associated with this area, and more especially with Halmahera, which was known to the Portuguese by this name during the era of their colonization in this part of the world. The tree line is around 4,000 m (13,100 ft) elevation, and the tallest peaks contain equatorial glaciers—which have been retreating since at least 1936. The island has been known by various names: The name Papua was used to refer to parts of the island before contact with the West. This has been identified with the Onin Peninsula, part of the Bomberai Peninsula near the city of Fakfak. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 200 people yearly. Human habitation of New Guinea over tens of thousands of years has led to a great deal of diversity, which was further increased by the later arrival of the Austronesians and the more recent history of European and Asian settlement through events like transmigration. Density of population is calculated as permanently settled population of Papua New Guinea divided by total area of the country. The flora of New Guinea is a mixture of many tropical rainforest species with origins in Asia, together with typically Australasian flora. These funds will support implementation of the new national economic and social development plan. Oktober 1958. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The gardens of the New Guinea Highlands are ancient, intensive permacultures, adapted to high population densities, very high rainfalls (as high as 10,000 mm per year (400 in/yr)), earthquakes, hilly land, and occasional frost. (eds.). 2.3 in Marshall, A.J., and Beehler, B.M. The German, Dutch and British colonial administrators each attempted to suppress the still-widespread practices of inter-village warfare and headhunting within their respective territories.[42]. New Guinea is an island to the north of the Australian mainland, south of the equator. Remains of this agricultural system, in the form of ancient irrigation systems in the highlands of Papua New Guinea, are being studied by archaeologists. The more extensive southern lowlands are drained by a larger number of rivers, principally the Digul in the west and the Fly in the east. [12] Then, at a 1975 conference and consequent publication,[13] they extended the name Sahul from its previous use for just the Sahul Shelf to cover the continent.[12]. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution. (includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.). [46] The Indonesian courts' enforcement of the Law on Special Autonomy blocked further creation of subdivisions of Papua: although President Megawati Sukarnoputri was able to create a separate West Papua province in 2003 as a fait accompli, plans for a third province on western New Guinea were blocked by the courts. Find statistics about the population such as; Population growth, composition and distribution; Characteristics; Household indicatives; Population and housing census; Population projections; Annual Growth. The western half of the island contains the highest mountains in Oceania, with its highest point, Puncak Jaya, reaching an elevation of 4,884 m (16,023 ft). The first European contact with New Guinea was by Portuguese and Spanish sailors in the 16th century. "Climate of Papua". Mounds constructed to plant water-intolerant plants such as bananas, sugarcane, and yams are dated to about 6,500 years ago." Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). The MRP was empowered to protect the rights of Papuans, raise the status of women in Papua, and to ease religious tensions in Papua; block grants were given for the implementation of the Law as much as $266 million in 2004. September 2010, Autonomy isn’t independence; Indonesian democracy stops in Papua, "Conservationists discover more than 1,000 species in New Guinea", "Progress on Southeast Asia's Flora projects", "New Guinea has the world's richest island flora", "Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Biogeographic Units for Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation", "Marine Ecoregions of the World: A Bioregionalization of Coastal and Shelf Areas", Report claims secret genocide in Indonesia – University of Sydney, "Papua New Guinea massacre of women and children highlights poor policing, gun influx", Guns, Germs and Steel: A Short History of Everybody for the last 13,000 Years, Facsimile of material from "The Discovery of New Guinea" by George Collingridge, Scientists hail discovery of hundreds of new species in remote New Guinea, tapa ["masi" (Fiji), "ngatu" (Tonga), "siapo" (Sāmoa), " ʻuha" (Rotuma)], Asian American and Pacific Islander Policy Research Consortium, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=New_Guinea&oldid=1000929327, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing Tok Pisin-language text, Articles containing Indonesian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 11:50. [36][37] The sultans of Tidore, in Maluku Islands, claimed sovereignty over various coastal parts of the island. The island of New Guinea lies to the east of the Malay Archipelago, with which it is sometimes included as part of a greater Indo-Australian Archipelago. His expedition also discovered Basilaki Island naming it Tierra de San Buenaventura, which he claimed for Spain in July 1606. In 1606, Luís Vaz de Torres explored the southern coast of New Guinea from Milne Bay to the Gulf of Papua including Orangerie Bay, which he named Bahía de San Lorenzo. Approximately 216,000 Japanese, Australian and U.S. soldiers, sailors and airmen died during the New Guinea Campaign.[44]. The territory was renamed West Irian and then Irian Jaya. and has areas containing up to 200 people farming a square kilometer of land. The island is presently populated by almost a thousand different tribal groups and a near-equivalent number of separate languages, which makes New Guinea the most linguistically diverse area in the world. Pig-based trade between the groups and pig-based feasts are a common theme with the other peoples of southeast Asia and Oceania. Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. By John Roach, for, Collingridge, George The discovery of Australia, Sidney, 1895, pp.186–187, Translation of Torres’ report to the king in Collingridge, G. (1895), Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests, Southern New Guinea freshwater swamp forests, United Nations Temporary Executive Authority, https://web.archive.org/web/20200209234437/https://www.tapol.org/our-work/west-papua, Kincaid and Kline, "Retreat of the Irian Jaya Glaciers from 2000 to 2002 as Measured from IKONOS Satellite Images", paper presented at 61st Eastern Snow Conference, Portland, Maine, 2004, "On the Physical Geography of the Malay Archipelago", "Big Bank Shoals of the Timor Sea: An environmental resource atlas", "Map from above shows Australia is a very flat place", "A Chat with Tim Flannery on Population Control", Anthropology Professor Glenn Summerhayes, University of Otago, New Zealand. They later used this name only to refer to islands off the north coast of Papua proper, the Schouten Islands or Biak Island. [3] The name appears to come from the words papo (to unite) and ua (negation), which means "not united" or, "territory that geographically is far away (and thus not united)".[3][4]. A spine of east–west mountains, the New Guinea Highlands, dominates the geography of New Guinea, stretching over 1,600 km (1,000 mi) across the island, with many mountains over 4,000 m (13,100 ft). Papua New Guinea Population. [33] There is evidence that New Guinea gardeners invented crop rotation well before western Europeans. At the donor conference held with the Guinean Government and Guinea’s development partners in November 2017, a total commitment of $21 billion was made by the country’s partners and the private sector. Also about 600 species of reef-building coral—the latter equal to 75 percent of the world's known total. Papua New Guinea is one of the least developed and most rural countries in the world, with only 800% of its population living in urban areas. Source United Nations Population Division . Papuans often gave vital assistance to the Allies, fighting alongside Australian troops, and carrying equipment and injured men across New Guinea. Although the rest of the Dutch East Indies achieved independence as Indonesia on 27 December 1949, the Netherlands regained control of western New Guinea. The Council decided on the name of West Papua for the territory, along with an emblem, flag, and anthem to complement those of the Netherlands. The name was promoted in 1945 by Marcus Kaisiepo,[2] brother of the future governor Frans Kaisiepo. The provinces of Papua New Guinea as well as all cities and urban localities. 2020. With some 786,000 km2 of tropical land—less than one-half of one percent (0.5%) of the Earth's surface—New Guinea has an immense biodiversity, containing between 5 and 10 percent of the total species on the planet. In 1950, Papua New Guinea population was 1674036 and this continuously increasing at growth rate of average 0.02%.Currently Papua New Guinea population is around 7108239 and by year 2030 its expected to be 10486891 .Papua New Guinea ranks 102nd when compared to other countries population. The Ecology of Papua. Mainland Papua New Guinea reaches its maximum north-south expanse of some 510 miles (820 km) along its western border with Indonesian Papua. The city, which is also known as Moresby or Pom City, is the one of the largest in the South Pacific. Papua New Guinea is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Politically, the western half of the island comprises two provinces of Indonesia: Papua and West Papua. New Guinea has a rich diversity of coral life and 1,200 species of fish have been found. Papua New Guinea has a population of over X million and is considered to be one of the most culturally diverse countries, with more than 7 in the country. In 1883, following a short-lived French annexation of New Ireland, the British colony of Queensland annexed south-eastern New Guinea. Population, total - Papua New Guinea ( 1 ) United Nations Population Division. For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period. miles). Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population. The eastern half forms the mainland of the country of Papua New Guinea. The population of Papua New Guinea has reached 7,275,324 according to 2011 Census. "The team also dated features consistent with the planting, digging, and tethering of plants and localized drainage systems to 10,000 years ago. The separation is not merely linguistic; warfare among societies was a factor in the evolution of the men's house: separate housing of groups of adult men, from the single-family houses of the women and children, for mutual protection from other tribal groups. Western agronomists still do not understand all of the practices, and it has been noted that native gardeners are as, or even more, successful than most scientific farmers in raising certain crops. [3] The name was used until 2001, when Papua was again used for the island and the province. The island state is located on the eastern half of New Guinea. City, is port Moresby is a mixture of many tropical rainforest species origins. An early and independent center of agriculture, with evidence of irrigation going back at least 10,000 years ] sultans! Years ago. people 's Assembly ( MRP ) with representatives of the future governor Frans.! 510 miles ( 820 km ) along its southeastern coast, is the one of the city, port. 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